Patient Education - Lung Cancer Program at UCLA
yourself about lung cancer:
Lung disease is any disease or disorder where lung function does not work properly. There
are three main types of lung disease:
- Obstructive lung disease -- a decrease in the exhaled air flow caused by a narrowing
or blockage of the airways, which can occur with asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.
- Restrictive lung disease -- a decrease in the total volume of air that the lungs are
able to hold. Often, this is due to a decrease in the elasticity of the lungs themselves
or caused by a problem related to the expansion of the chest wall during inhalation.
- A defect
in the ability of the lung's air sac tissue to move oxygen into a person's blood.
Most lung diseases actually involve a combination of these categories, such as emphysema,
which involves both airflow obstruction and oxygenation problems.
Major lung diseases include:
- Chronic bronchitis
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
- Interstitial lung disease
- Pulmonary fibrosis
Other lung diseases include:
- Aspergillosis - acute invasive
- Eosinophilic pneumonia
- Lung cancer
- Metastatic lung cancer
- Necrotizing pneumonia
- Pleural effusion
- Pneumonia in immunodeficient patient
- Pulmonary actinomycosis
- Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
- Pulmonary anthrax
- Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
- Pulmonary edema
- Pulmonary embolus
- Pulmonary histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Pulmonary nocardiosis
- Pulmonary tuberculosis
- Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
- Rheumatoid lung disease
Review Date: 11/13/2006
Reviewed By: David A. Kaufman, M.D., Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical
Care & Sleep Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY. Review provided
by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
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